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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Prof. Dr. Philipp Dann

Smarika Lulz, LL.M. (Hamburg)

PhD Researcher
Lehrstuhl für Öffentliches Recht und Rechtsvergleichung


Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Juristische Fakultät
Öffentliches Recht und Rechtsvergleichung
10099 Berlin


Altes Palais, Raum 421
Unter den Linden 9, Berlin-Mitte




Digital Political Economy, Privacy and Data Protection, Freedom of Expression, Intellectual Property, Law and Technology, Critical Theory, Law in Society, Post-/Decolonial Studies, Labour Law, EU Law, Law and Literature.

My Ph.D. research maps how data governance law contribute to shaping injustice in social, economic, and environmental contexts. In this, I am particularly interested in the material exclusions that are created through processes of abstraction via the conceptualisation of 'data' in the law.


  • 10/2017–Present: DAAD-GSSP Scholar and Ph.D. Researcher, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
  • 02/2017–03/2017: Research Intern, Hans Bredow Institut for Media Research, University of Hamburg, Germany
  • 10/2016–09/2017: LL.M. (European and European Legal Studies), Europa-Kolleg, University of Hamburg, Germany (Dr. Angela Merkel DAAD Scholarship awardee)
  • 06/2014–09/2016: Legal Consultant, Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore & New Delhi, India
  • 08/2014-12/2015: Visiting Lecturer, Indian Institute for Journalism and New Media, Bangalore
  • 05/2015–11/2015: Sarai Fellow for Short-Term Research on Social and Digital Media, Center for Study of Developing Societies, New Delhi, India
  • 06/2013–11/2015: Legal Researcher, Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore, India
  • 12/2012–2/2013: Research Intern, National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, India
  • 07/2008–04/2013: B.A., L.L.B. (Hons.), National Law Institute University, Bhopal, India


Book Chapters:

  • 2020 (forthcoming). Freedom of Expression in Diverse Democracies: Comparing Hate Speech Law in India and the EU, in: Philipp Dann et. al. (eds.), Democratic Constitutionalism in Continental Polities: EU and India Compared (with Michael Riegner)


  • 2018. Zero-Rating as the Demon and the Saviour: Rethinking Net Neutrality and the Freedom of Expression for the Global South, The Indian Journal of Law and Technology Vol.13 Iss.2 [link]
  • 2018. The Classification of Digital Labour as a Constitutional Problem: Mapping the Collaborative Economy for a Social Europe, Study Paper No. 03/18, Institute for Integration, Europa-Kolleg Hamburg Study Paper Series [link]
  • 2016. The Defence of Public Interest as an Exception to Copyright: New Developments on the Indian Front, NLIU Journal of Intellectual Property Law Vol.5 [link]
  • 2016. Concentration of Media Ownership and the Imagination of Free Speech, Economic and Political Weekly Vol.51 Iss.17 [link]
  • 2015. Media Ownership and the Marketplace of Ideas, Economic and Political Weekly Vol.50 Iss.22 [link]
  • 2013. Feminism and Federalism, The GNLU Law Review Vol.4 Iss.1 [link]
  • 2010. The Governmental-Naxal-Tribal Conflict: Looking at Rights through the Lens of Cultural Relativism, Journal of Indian Law and Society, Vol. 2 Winter [link]

Legislative and Policy Briefs:

  • 2015. Response to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top (OTT) Services, On behalf of Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore [link]
  • 2015. Countercomments submitted to the TRAI Consultation on Regulation of Over-the-Top Services (Internet Apps), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore [link]
  • 2014. IANA Transition: Background & Overview, (with Geetha Hariharan), On behalf of Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore [link]
  • 2014. The Future of IANA Transition, (co-authored with Geetha Hariharan), together On behalf of Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore [link]
  • 2014. Response to Law Commission’s Consultation Paper on Media Laws (with Lawrence Liang, Namita Malhotra & Danish Sheikh), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum [link]
  • 2013. Response to The Rajya Sabha (Upper House, Parliament) on Petition Concerning Cyber Pornography (with Lawrence Liang & Namita Malhotra), On behalf of Alternative Law Forum [link]

Academic Blog Posts:

  • 2015. Governing Speech on the Internet: From the Free Marketplace Policy to a Controlled ‘Public Sphere,’ Researchers at Work Essay [link]
  • 2015. Making a Classification Choice for the Internet: Between the Visible Car Parts and the Invisible Pizza Delivery, 4/2015, Sarai Social Media Research Grant Essays [link]
  • 2015. The Role of Classification in Facilitating Identities for the Internet: The Case of VoIP Regulation, 3/2015, Sarai Social Media Research Grant Essays [link]
  • 2015. Report on the Consultation on Net Neutrality in the Indian Context: Reality v. Rhetoric [link]
  • 2015. Net Neutrality for a Web of Equals, The Hindu Centre for Politics and Public Policy [link]
  • 2012. An Introduction to the Issues in Internet Governance, CIS Blog [link]

Select Op-Eds:

  • 2018. Gendered Reality Gaps: How “Objective” Machine Learning Contributes to Intersectional Exploitation, GenderIT.org [link]
  • 2016. Re-imagining Zero Rating: How Should TRAI Juggle Internet Access and Net Neutrality?, The Wire [link]
  • 2016. Geospatial Bill: Another Attempt to Control the Free Flow of Information, The Wire [link]
  • 2016. Aadhar Bill: Why Classification Matters in Law Making, The Hoot [link]
  • 2016. Five Net Neutrality Myths Busted, The Hoot [link]
  • 2015. How Internet.org Presents an Opportunity to Rethink Freedom of Speech, Medianama [link]
  • 2015. Five Reasons Why Media Monopolies Flourish in India, Scroll.in [link]
  • 2014. Striving for Plurality of Media: The Promises and Shortcomings of TRAI’s Recommendations on Media Ownership, Kafila [link]


  • Indian Institute for Journalism and New Media, Bangalore: Media Law and Ethics (Visiting Lecturer, Winter Semesters 2014 & 2015)
  • Humboldt University, Berlin : Recht und Interdisciplinarität Seminar (Teaching Assistant Winter Semester 2018-19)
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad: Law and Popular Culture Seminar (Teaching Assistant, Spring Semester 2013)